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  1. Ben Rhau

    How do Wean fry off live bbs?

    I’ve kept parents with the fry so far, and did not make any special effort to wean the fry off live BBS, since my adults all take BBS as part of their diet. The fry eventually figured out how to go after the adults’ frozen and dry foods as well. They take mostly frozen, and only get dry twice a...
  2. Ben Rhau

    Water Changes

    I think if the water is similar by feel, the temperature is close enough to use, especially if the water change is small. I have an IR thermometer for the kitchen that I use to spot check. Though it’s not necessary to be this precise, it is a really easy way to get it exactly right by adjusting...
  3. Ben Rhau

    Nijesseni spawn vs cockatoo - question on egg hatching

    TDS is linear, so If you're confident in that your tap is TDS 100 and your RO is near zero, you can accurately predict the result of mixing the two. That said, tap water can fluctuate and RO units have varying levels of efficiency based on method, age of membrane, etc. The simplest way to...
  4. Ben Rhau

    Nijesseni spawn vs cockatoo - question on egg hatching

    pH shock isn't really a thing if you're talking about soft water. i.e., the pH of soft water will always fluctuate, sometimes by a lot. The only danger is going from high hardness to low hardness, which can lead to osmotic shock in the gills.
  5. Ben Rhau

    Which peat or sphagnum moss to use to low pH?

    I have to admit I'm not well versed in this debate, but I do believe the sustainability question is controversial. Peat may continue to be produced naturally, but the argument I've read is that once a bog is mined, that bog is no longer producing normally. So the current rate production would...
  6. Ben Rhau

    Which peat or sphagnum moss to use to low pH?

    I don't recommend that. I used to use buffering salts to lower pH, but the problem is that you increase your total conductivity. In that situation, my fish were OK but did not show any breeding behavior. Once I lowered the overall salt/ion concentration, they started to breed like crazy. Peat...
  7. Ben Rhau

    Apistogramma cues and biotope management

    I just got a copy from abebooks. There is at least one other european seller out there (I think Netherlands). If you’re in the states, will probably run you around $100 after shipping.
  8. Ben Rhau

    Macmasteri or Veijita?

    I personally think Macs are prettier.
  9. Ben Rhau

    Macmasteri or Veijita?

    A number of individual breeders these days have F1 viejita from Puerto Gaitan.
  10. Ben Rhau

    Macmasteri or Veijita?

    You don’t usually see that much red on a viejita’s body. There are more definitive markings to look at, but it looks very classically like a macmasteri to me.
  11. Ben Rhau

    Which peat or sphagnum moss to use to low pH?

    The kind they sell for reptiles usually comes in very small quantities, so it’s quite expensive per unit. I’d get one for gardening, which will come in larger sizes and is cheaper. Just make sure it doesn’t include added fertilizers. Peat pellets also work. Finally, there are concerns about...
  12. Ben Rhau

    A. Cacatuoides Begginer Questions

    They do not school, but tend to work better in larger numbers. If you're prioritizing the pencilfish, you'd want 5 or more. If you're prioritizing breeding the cacs, it's fine to have just 2 or 3 pencilfish. Of the two species you mentioned, the beckfordi are generally cheaper than the...
  13. Ben Rhau

    One of my apistogramma

    If anyone has a lead on whether Koslowski is available for close to retail, I’d love to know. Saw a used one listed, but it was $400.
  14. Ben Rhau

    Sick cory?

    Darrel is 100% on my list of "must read." I didn't know about PlanetCatfish but will definitely join, thanks for the tip!
  15. Ben Rhau

    Sick cory?

    You can hang a net breeder in the main tank or set up something similar with a tupperware container to allow flow with the tank. Corys tend to eat their eggs, which is why people separate if they want a good survival rate. I've never raised fish from eggs before but lots of folks here have and...
  16. Ben Rhau

    Sick cory?

    Most cory breeders remove the eggs, not the mom. (The eggs are surprisingly sturdy.) Ask on the Planet Corydoras Facebook group, there are at least a few hastatus breeders there.
  17. Ben Rhau

    Macmasteri or Veijita

    They look like macmasteri to me
  18. Ben Rhau

    How much BBS is too much for fry?

    Just three small tanks in my bedroom, so nothing too crazy. :) I have personally not seen it happen, but it's certainly possible. The batch that survived for me definitely stayed close to mom for the first several weeks, so i don't think any amanos could get near them. I've never heard of...
  19. Ben Rhau

    How much BBS is too much for fry?

    Hi Lexi, Mine would probably be what Mike calls "ugly" apistos, so I'm not trying to raise large amounts of fry that I can't place. I have 5 juveniles at the moment growing out in the 20-long with the parents. My overflow tanks are ready to receive new fish, so I will likely move the male to...
  20. Ben Rhau

    Demasoni Cichlid tank

    These are all mbuna. If you've never kept cichlids, I would recommend a larger tank (at least 150l, preferably larger) and the more peaceful mbuna species like Electric Yellow (Labidochromis caeruleus) and others of that temperament. You can get a similar color profile to the demasoni in...
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