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Newbie questions

Discussion in 'Beginners Corner' started by ButtNekkid, Sep 23, 2016.

  1. Phile

    Phile Member

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    I have always used the Hydro sponge filters that I got online from That Pet Place. Inexpensive, easy to use, replacement sponges available, great for small tanks. I used them for my jollies.
  2. ButtNekkid

    ButtNekkid Active Member

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  3. ButtNekkid

    ButtNekkid Active Member

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    Hi,

    I have found this silica sand that is used for sandfilters. It´s size is 0,4-0,8mm. It´s supposed to be pre-washed.
    Is this a good choice for apistos. Will it clog up?
  4. dw1305

    dw1305 Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    Hi all,
    It is fine, a lot of people use it. Have a search for <"pool filter sand"> on the forum.

    cheers Darrel
  5. ButtNekkid

    ButtNekkid Active Member

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    Hi,

    I tested my sand. It raises conductivity. I tested by putting 2 tsp of sand into a cup of DI water for over 24 hours.
    5 µS before. 18 µS after. Do I have to make more tests (KH/GH) or is it useless as a substrate? As it seems to leach something.
  6. gerald

    gerald Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    That's still a negligible amount of conductivity. The solubility of silicate is very small and won't harm the fish; nor will it raise KH or GH, if silicate is the main ion dissolving from it.
    dw1305 likes this.
  7. dw1305

    dw1305 Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    Hi all,
    Did the water warm up while it was in the cup (ie. was the original DI water cold)? If it warmed up some of the rise in conductivity will be to do with temperature.
    I agree with Gerald, it is a small rise in conductivity, and I think it should be OK to use.

    It could be traces of calcium carbonate left in the silica sand, bur they would only be traces.

    cheers Darrel
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  8. ButtNekkid

    ButtNekkid Active Member

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    Hi,

    The water was at room temperature the whole time. Will it stop leeching eventually?
  9. ButtNekkid

    ButtNekkid Active Member

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    Yes!

    1st spawn from my Cacatuoides . I ´ve kept tanks for 20+ years and this is the first time I see free swimming fry.
    The most spectacular thing! I just saw mom coming home from behind the Java bush and "puking" 10+ fry!

    Amazing parents. Kicking tetras asses constantly. Haven´t seen any predation from Cardinals.

    In pic whole family at "peat pit" having fun!

    Attached Files:

    dw1305 and MickeM like this.
  10. ButtNekkid

    ButtNekkid Active Member

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    Do you think my smaller tank is too small for breeding with dithers?
    My Cacatuoides male picks up a couple of fry and beats up hatchets and the tetras even they stay on surface and and in the opposite corner.
    3 of my hatchets has lost half of their tail fins.

    I removed the male to my bigger tank so that the dithers have time to heal.
  11. ButtNekkid

    ButtNekkid Active Member

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    Any ideas why behaviour like this occurs?
  12. gerald

    gerald Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    Why do cichlid parents attack fish that look like they could eat their fry? Think real hard ...
    In the wild they would probably chase away any fish within about 3 feet of their fry.
  13. ButtNekkid

    ButtNekkid Active Member

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    Hi,

    Is this peat particle dirt that comes from water changes harmful to plants? Will it hinder their ability to harvest nutrients?
    I personally don´t mind how my moss looks.

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  14. ButtNekkid

    ButtNekkid Active Member

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    Any comments on this?
  15. gerald

    gerald Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    Blow the peat off the plants with a baster or pipette if a thick layer settles on them. A little wont harm them. Peat in the substrate is good for plants.
    ButtNekkid likes this.
  16. ButtNekkid

    ButtNekkid Active Member

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    Hi,

    In how soft/acidic water can you keep snails in? I have malaysian trumpet snails in my 15 gallon tank with "peatwater" and some peat as a substrate.
    Conductivity has been lately at 80 µS.
  17. dw1305

    dw1305 Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    Hi all,
    I think you are getting towards the limit of what even MTS will survive.

    Have a look at the end of the shell spire, the snail can only make new shell at the mantle, and as the water gets softer and more acidic the older shell whorls will become whiter as they erode. There is a more complete discussion at <"UKAPS:Nerite snails in a high...." >

    I've found that if the white eroded zone has spread more than about 2/3 of the way down the shell, your snails are doomed.

    cheers Darrel
  18. ButtNekkid

    ButtNekkid Active Member

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    Hi Darrel,

    What do you make of this one?

    Attached Files:

    • MTS.jpg
      MTS.jpg
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  19. dw1305

    dw1305 Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    Hi all,
    Doomed.

    If you move it back into harder water it may survive and start to grow new shell at the mantle.

    cheers Darrel
  20. gerald

    gerald Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    Physa / Physella pond snails and Planorbis / Planorbella ramshorn snails are better candidates for soft/acid tanks than MTS.

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